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General Characteristics
Environmentally Sensitive Zones
Environmental Quality
Socio-Economic Profile
PSIR Analytical Framework

Pressure – State – Impact – Response (PSIR) Framework

This section includes the spatial analysis of green, blue and brown environment issues. Selected environment themes are analysed under the PSIR framework. The PSIR analysis is shown as Pressure – State – Impact - Response map.

The information comes primarily from Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Environment Atlas of India (CPCB), National Health Profile, Forest Survey of India etc. The specific details for the thematic issue are depicted on the interactive map page under the head about the map.

The issues analysed under PSIR is as follows:
  • Land Degradation
  • Biodiversity Loss
  • Forest
  • Water Scarcity
  • Degrading Water Quality
  • Air Pollution
  • Mining
  • Municipal Solid Waste
  • The PSIR framework provides a systematic categorization of socio-economic, environmental and natural resource information under four headings: Pressure (stresses or agents of environmental change), State (resources assets, environmental quality), and Societal Response. Human activities exert pressure on the environment causing the state (condition) of the environment to change. Society, at different levels, will then respond to this change with policies that affect human activities and directly affect the state of the environment as well.

    Status of the issue

    This part summarises the condition or quality of the environment and trends in that condition brought about by human or other pressures. One such example is water quality levels. This corresponds to ‘S’ (State) in the PSIR framework.

    Cause of the problem

    The more specific economic, social, institutional or other pressures on the environment that may contribute to or cause particular environmental states and impacts of concern. This part Corresponds to ‘P’ (Pressure) of the PSIR framework.

    Impact of the issue

    This part summarises information about the secondary effects of the issue on people, environment and economy, e.g. poor health or economic damage due to bad drinking water. This part corresponds to the ‘I’ (Impact) of the PSIR framework.

    Response to the issue

    In this part measures taken by different stakeholders to improve the situation are described, e.g. water quality monitoring programme. This part corresponds to the ‘R’ (Response) of the PSIR framework.

     

    Map Links

    Land Degradation
    Biodiversity
    Forest
    Water Scarcity
    Degrading Water Quality
    Air Pollution
    Mining
    Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
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